Twents Hoen or Twente Fowl contribute, as many old Dutch breeds, to our national heritage and breeders keep cultural historical agricultural heritage alive. This graceful and productive fowl, whose history dates back to the mid 19th century, is still popular, especially in the regions of origin; Twente in the Netherlands and the neighboring county of Bentheim in Germany.
Twente Fowl were presented in 1884 at an exhibition for the first time to the public in the color variety Silver Partridge. Twente Fowl mirror regional moments in time. Local farmyard fowls were crossed with the Malays fighting fowl in order to breed fighting cocks being popular among the workmen in the textile industry. After cockfighting was officially banned in 1849, the egg production capacities were improved with silver duckwing Leghorn resulting in an alert, elegant and fairly productive fowl, even in wintertime
Twente Fowl is upright and elegant with powerful appearance and fairly wide shoulders. The short head and wide head carries an narrow walnut comb in the shape of an elongated strawberry that will not easily freeze. Breeders can select one of the six (Bantams eight) officially admitted colours:
- Silver Partridge
- Blue Partridge
- Blue Silver Partridge
- Yellow Partridge
- White Partridge
- Cuckoo Partridge (Bantams only)
- Cuckoo Silver Partridge (Bantams only)
Begin 20th century Cuckoo colored and black Twente Fowl could also be found. Presently some breeders undertake action to breed back some disappeared color varieties.
Around 1940, Bantams were created by crossing existing bantam breeds and smaller Twente fowl. The bantam type images the large Twente fowl with a reduced weight of 1 kilogram instead of 3 kilograms. The Twente bantam can incubate their own eggs with good mother characteristics. The Twente bantams can be found in six different colour varieties. White partridge or Pile is a colour variety which we officially recognized only see in the bantams. Character and production The Twente fowl is active and affectionate with a communicative character. Hens become rarely broody and produce a fair amount (180/yr) of delicious eggs. Egg weigh around 55 grams and 35 grams (bantams). Male and female chicks can be identified by the specific head stripe.